Diabetes management can include:
FOOD - Healthy eating is a cornerstone of healthy living — with or without diabetes. If you have diabetes, you need to know how foods affect your blood sugar levels. It's not only the type of food you eat, but also how much you eat and the combinations of food types you eat.
EXERCISE - Physical activity is another important part of your diabetes management plan. When you exercise, your muscles use sugar (glucose) for energy. Regular physical activity also helps your body use insulin more efficiently.
MEDICATION - Insulin and other diabetes medications are designed to lower your blood sugar levels when diet and exercise alone aren't sufficient for managing diabetes. But the effectiveness of these medications depends on the timing and size of the dose.
STRESS - If you're stressed, the hormones your body produces in response to prolonged stress may cause a rise in your blood sugar level.